Somalia witnessed a remarkable development in higher education during the successive governments in Somalia since the independence of Somalia in 1960, where the Somali governments to develop education in general and higher education, especially in Somalia, and during the rule of former President Mohamed Siad Barre and his care for education and his quest for literacy developed universities and institutes Higher education in Somalia, and Somali universities have become a major affair where it became a kiss for Somali citizens and foreigners due to the reputation of the Somali universities at the time, and graduated from these universities educated cadres of Somali had the scientific competence and the ability to teach P and the dissemination of culture and education between the middle of Somali society.
The two universities were one of the most important national universities at the time.
After the fall of the Somali central government in 1991 and the entry of Somalia into conflicts and conflicts and internal wars, and the devastation of public and private sectors, was the file of education in general and higher education in particular of the most important areas affected by the fall of the central government, where professors, students and scientific cadres fled from these universities and sought refuge in neighboring countries From these wars and fierce conflicts, Somalia has lost enormous scientific cadres because of these miserable circumstances.
In addition, the university buildings were affected by these wars and conflicts.
However, the Somali cadres, which have generally decided to restore stability and dignity to Somalia, are determined to rehabilitate Somalia’s higher education sector, to bring back cadres to the country and to enable Somali students graduating from national schools to attend national universities due to the inability of a large number of students to attend. At universities abroad.
During this period, a large number of students enrolled in universities abroad in some countries that have granted scholarships to the people of Somalia in order to help the Somali society to rehabilitate the higher education sector. Sudan was the most prominent role in assisting Somalis in the cultural and educational field. Somali students are allowed to enroll in Sudanese universities, whether at the bachelor’s, master’s or doctorate levels.
In addition to Sudan, Yemen, Egypt and Saudi Arabia played such a role and absorbed some Somali students in their universities, graduating from different colleges,
These graduating students, as well as Somali cadres who graduated from national universities under central governments, contributed to the reopening of higher education in Somalia.
In the Somali capital, Mogadishu and the Somali states, there was a revolution to re-establish higher education in Somalia, and universities and higher education institutes were opened throughout the country.
These universities managed to bring out thousands of Somali students in various disciplines, and enabled the Somali society to obtain educational and educated cadres that can restore security and stability to our dear Somalia (Mohamed 2012).
So, the main question here is what are the achievements that these universities have been able to reach, and what are the failures and obstacles that these universities have not been able to overcome?